Five Knowable Categories in the Natural Sciences

In John MacArthur’s opening lecture at the Inerrancy Summit earlier this year, he quoted English philosopher Herbert Spencer who believed that there are five knowable categories in the natural sciences:

1. Time
2. Force
3. Motion
4. Space
5. Matter

By quoting Genesis 1:1, MacArthur believes that Spencer’s five categories are answered in the first sentence of the Bible alone. In the beginning (time) God (force) created (motion) the heavens (space) and the earth (matter).